Aadhaar Seeding Overview
Introduction to Aadhaar Seeding
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been created, with the mandate of providing a Unique Identity (Aadhaar) to all Indian residents. The UIDAI proposes to provide online authentication using demographic and biometric data.
Aadhaar seeding is a process by which UIDs of residents are included in the service delivery database of service providers for enabling Aadhaar based authentication during service delivery. As an example, MNREGA will require authentication before payout therefore in such a scenario, it will be essential to map UID of the resident with MNREGA Job Card number and other demographic information. Similarly, banks and insurance carriers may want to map Aadhaar numbers of all their customers. The objective is not to replace the currently used unique identifier of the customers/ residents/ beneficiaries with Aadhaar but the objective is to seamlessly enable Aadhaar authentication without impacting any other interface that the service providers maintain with their customers.
Why Aadhaar Seeding is required
Going forward, Aadhaar will form the basic, universal identity infrastructure over which registrars, government and other service providers across the country will be able to build their identity-based applications. These features in turn are expected to serve a developmental mandate to potentially achieve multiple transformational benefits of development and equitable growth through:
Proper identification leading to better targeting of development schemes provided by government and private sector.
Ensuring all fake, duplicate and ghost records are weeded out from databases so that leakages resulting from such records are avoided.
Increased reach and efficiency in delivering many goods and services like PDS, banking and financial services, telecom, health, insurance, education etc.
No repeated KYC checks for residents.
One critical input for leveraging Aadhaar authentication is Aadhaar number (UID) itself which needs to be captured and stored along with the current unique identifier (Customer Id/ Beneficiary Id etc.) in service delivery databases. At the time of authentication, the mapped UID in service delivery database will be used to authenticate therefore it is essential that Aadhaar seeding is performed.